A healthy diet and lifestyle is important for healthy hair! So get eating healthy, but heres some tips and info on all sorts of conditions and issues concerning the hair, scalp and face.

 Alopecia; This is a distressing condition. Alopecia can be mild in most cases leaving patches on the scalp where hair doesnt grow, usually in circular shapes. Ginger root works very well as a natural remedy. You need to buy the root and cut a slice off which you then rub the liquid (from the root) onto the affected area or areas for a few minutes on each hairless patch two or three times a day untill the hair grows back. If your problem persists after using this remedy there are prescription shampoos and creams available.

Baldness, hair loss; This is probably after alopecia the most distressing of all conditions. It does happen and can be hereditary but in recent years people dont comb or brush their hair often, if at all. With short hair after washing most men just use gel and their fingers to style the hair and that doesnt stimulate the scalp. Getting the blood up to the scalp is important to keep the roots nurished. As we get older the blood doesnt get up in the same quantity to the very top of the scalp. Massaging the scalp with almond oil or coconut oil is great. Using gel on thinning hair can irritate the condition, it dries on the scalp when the hair is thin and it tightens the scalp. It is noticable and feels quite taught, best to use a volumising shampoo to bring out the fullness of the hair and wear the hair in a short style, it looks thicker this way! If you do use gel then apply it to the hair and keep it away from the scalp.

Stress and illness can cause the hair to fall out, so if you have been ill or stressed then you need to massage the scalp and to take vitamin and mineral supplements (there are specific hair supplements available) which will restore your bodies depleated resources of the nutrients required for building the hair, after a serious illness you can be depleated of these nutrients.  

Beards; If you are just growing a beard it will get itchy this is normal and as the beard gets longer the itch will go too, so keep with it. If you are shaving off a beard you will clog your razor (if you are wet shaving) with hair every few seconds and it is a real trial so if you have a clipper shave it down close first then soak your face in hot water or take a shower to soften the stubble. Then its plain shaving but go easy as your skin is not used to a blade now and is easier to nick. If you dont have a clipper get a hair cut and ask the barber to cut the beard down. You will need a hair cut now to go with your new look anyway so your barber can clip the beard down to stubble.

Bleaching Hair: If you want your hair light blonde (or almost white) and you are using a kit from a chemist shop or pharmacy it is not very strong so you may need two applications depending on how dark you hair is. The darker the hair the more times you need to bleach. If you only use one application your hair will be orange unless it is almost blonde already. I have seen so many disasters with home bleaching kits that I have to advise you get a professional job done. Bleach is one of the most severe treatments for hair it can burn the scalp and break the hair so be warned. In fact there are not many salons or shops that will bleach hair anymore, with the exception of highlights.

Chlorine; In swimming pools dries the hair so badly if you swim a few days a week that it feels corse. Wearing a swimming cap helps but you need to condition it after each swim. If you have bleached hair the chlorine can turn it green! Not good.

Boots Chemist have a product that works well to protect your hair from chlorine and sun, called Sun Swim Gym.

Condition and Shine; A cold rinse after washing your hair will give it a shine  unless you use a straightener or overdry the hair with a hair dryer. I only recomend a cold rinse to customers with long hair as short hair (razor cut) is usually finished with a gel or wax which gives the hair a good shine anyway. Long hair needs a lot of attention as the hair is longer and has been exposed to the elements for a longer period. Hair products, central heating, even weather (sun, cold weather, wind) all cause damage and the hair becomes damaged (dry and/or brittle). Regular trimming (6-8 weeks between cuts) is great for long hair, cutting off the dry and split ends and it keeps the shape in your hair. The style will  lose its shape and you will need more and more product to recreate every morning. So regular trimming and a little conditioner is essential for long hair to look its best.

Hair shines when the outer layer (cuticle) made up of tiny parts known as cuticle cells (like tiles on a roof) lie flat and reflect the light, when they are not sitting flat and they are tossed (like slates on a roof after bad storm) they dont reflect the light and the hair looks dull and lifeless. Hot water can toss your slates so the cold rinse corrects this. Women used to rinse their hair in ice cold rainwater to make it shine, apple cider vinegar is good for this too, as is lemon juice but dont use lemon juice and then expose your hair to hot sun or you will bleach your hair!! 

Cowlicks; When you have a cowlick you have to pick a hairstyle that will hide the lick, they are difficult to control and incorporating it into a hair cut is the best way to go. Your barber or stylist will advise you on the best way to go, just ask!

Dandruff; Ok this is common, annoying and embarrassing. The snowflake syndrome. Quick cure for this that works effectivley is Head and Shoulders. It is quite harsh on the scalp so I always advise people to use it sparingly. If you wash your hair everyday then use Head and Shoulders twice a week. The other treatment is natural and is cider apple vinegar. You need to dilute a quarter cup of vinegar with a quarter cup of water and after a good wash with shampoo pour the mixture over your head. If your condition is severe then use cotton wool to dab on undiluted cider apple vinegar directly onto the scalp. The acididity of the vinegar brings the scalp back into balance.

Eyebrow trimming; Best done in the barber shop, but if you want to try it at home get a comb, comb your eyebrow and trim off the long hairs that extend through the teeth of the comb, hold the comb out from the eyebrow a little so that you dont trim the hair too close. Dont pluck the hairs out though! If you have a clipper try using a blade three, I use a blade two on mine, but you should try a three first, you cant put them back on ! Comb the eyebrows against the grain first so they stand out and are clipped when the blade passes over them.

Fauxhawk; The modern version of a mohawk, a fauxhawk is shorter and more casual the centre piece of a mohawk is replaced by hair casually tossed into the centre, and the same at the back, really easy style to keep and looks great. Been popular for nearly ten years now!

Greasy Hair; Greasy hair needs washing regularly, it is hard to style as goes lank after a day or two. Hot water on the scalp activates the sweat glands. They work like a sprinkler system and are activated by heat, so hot water will make your condition worse. Tepid water to shampoo and a cold rinse to finish is the way to go. If your hair is long and it is greasy at the roots and dry at the ends use conditioner, but not all over as it will make your hair so greasy you could start selling barrels of oil. Towel dry your hair, put a tiny amount of conditioner in the palm of your hand (the size of a ten cent coin) then rub it into your hands, now the conditioner will almost disapear and this is when you rub the conditioner into the ends of your hair between your fingers and thumb. It is just enough to lubricate the hair and make it sit and look better! It works we do it in the shop regularly 

Hair Growth; hair grows, on average (slightly different for everyone) 1.25 centimeters or 0.5 inches per month, being about 15 centimeters or 6 inches per year. Hair grows a little faster in summer than winter so do your nails!

Mohawks; A great style to cut, in the late eighties people used wall paper paste and pritt stick to keep their hair up on end, sugar and hot water works well too but now there are products that have real strong hold like  Flubber by Wella its like liquid rubber but it washes out and wont damage your hair.

Shampooing your hair; Wet your hair with warm water, not really hot water as it activates your sweat glands and you will have greasy roots. When its wet apply a good shampoo and really lather it in, you can use this time to give your scalp a good massage and move the scalp on the skull with your finger tips. This is great for your circulation and feels refreshing too. Then rinse the shampoo. If your hair squeeks like a freshly washed plate then there is no need to shampoo a second time, for anyone using petrolium based wax you might need four or five shampoos!! Rinse the hair well and pat it dry with a lint free (fluff free) towel. If you use a strong wax you will need to use talcum powder in your hair before you wet it, you can use fairy liquid or both. The wax is water proof and water only dilutes the shampoo so use the washing up liquid or talc on dry hair rubbing it in well for a few minutes. Then you can rinse and wash with a proper hair shampoo. It probably will still not be squeeky clean but it will be clean enough to restyle. It is really resistant stuff. I suggest using the water based waxes there are plenty on the market and they work very well and rinse out easily. 

Shaving with a blade and foam; or a wet shave as we call it. Hot water as hot as possible, on a face cloth so you can hold it to your face till it cools then repeat. You can shower first to soften the facial hair but you need to have hot water directly on your face for a minute or two the steam helps too. In a sauna you can shave without any cream or foam because the hot steam softens the bristle (facial hair) and opens the pores. This is what you are trying to achieve with the hot water. Next you need to rub the shaving cream into your skin this also softens the bristle, some creams contain oil, and you can use oil on its own. Almond oil is good, but there are shaving oils available to buy with some nice natural additives like tea tree or eucalyptus which feel fresh and cool. Always pick a cream or oil to suit your skin type, dry greasy or sensitive. Now to the shaving. Pull your skin tight above the area you are about to shave. Go with the grain of your hair. If you go against it you will pull the hair and the blade gets caught. Rinse the blade well after each run shaking it in the hot water to force the cut hairs from between the blades. You may find the grain can grow from left to right or the opposite on your neck and under the chin, it is not necessarily up or down. Then when you have shaved all the hair you can go against the grain, some people get a rash from this so you may need to apply the hot face cloth or towel again twice as hot as you can. Re apply the shaving cream or oil and rub it in and now you can shave against the grain pulling the skin tight again and using you fingers to feel for stuble you may have missed. When you are satisfied that you have all the stuble shaved you can use a cold cloth or towel or splash your face from a sink of cold water. This closes the pores and refreshes too. Now after patting you skin with a dry towel (if there is fluff on the towel it will stick to your face) you can use a moisturiser, again one specifically for your skin type.

Shaving cuts; If you cut yourself shaving you can use a steptic pencil. It really is a brilliant product and very few people seem to know about it. I still see people going to work with blood soaked tissue stuck to the cuts on thier face! Haha. It stings a little but it stops the bleeding straight away. Small price to pay. You can get it in a chemist or pharmacy and it will last for years.

Wet (or clean) shaving you head; Cut it down to stuble with a clipper first dont try to wet shave your head with hair more than a mm long or you are asking for trouble. Then follow the wet shave rules above.

Straightening wavy hair; If your hair has a wave and you prefer it to be straighter (like when its been cut) you need to use conditioner but after you have washed and towel dried the hair,not blow dried it needs to be a little damp. Then use a tiny bit of conditioner, rub it into your hands and spread it over the ends of your hair by passing your hands over your head lightly, then you will relax the wave and your hair will sit much straighter then before.  

Trichotillomania; pulling out hair due to stress or depression. It’s a lesser known condition and I have seen it in students doing exams and even children. One child pulled his hair out in his sleep. Some people pluck their eye lashes or eyebrows its not confined to the hair on the head. Treatments are medication or psychosocial HRT treatment (Habit Reverse Training) which has the highest success rate.